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Washington Crane Operator Certification Requirements

Employers are prohibited from allowing a person who does not meet the requirements of this rule to operate a crane without direct supervision by a qualified crane operator

Crane operators must obtain a valid operator’s certificate issued by a crane operator testing organization that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency

Candidates must successfully pass written and practical examinations for the type/class of crane to be operated

Operators must have up to 2000 hrs of documented crane operator experience, based on the type of crane they operate (This is a one time requirement.)

Crane operators must recertify at least every 5 years

Crane operators must successfully pass a substance abuse test conducted by a recognized laboratory

 

Crane Operators Must have documented hours of experience per Table 1:
Actual Crane Operating Experience
Crane Related Experience

 

Crane Operator Experience for Cranes Used in the Construction Industry
Table 1



Beginning January 1, 2010, crane operator experience and crane related experience must be documented and separated out by crane type and capacity. If the employer is documenting crane operating and/or related crane experience hours, the employer must provide a copy of the hours to the operator as soon as practical, if requested.

 


The 5 Categories of Cranes and their Types

Number of Hours of Actual Crane Operating Experience

Number of Hours of Crane Related Experience

(1) Mobile Cranes

(a) Lattice Boom Crawler Cranes (LBC)

300 tons and above
1000 Hours

300 tons and above
1000 Hours

 

Under 300 tons
500 Hours

Under 300 tons
500 Hours

(b) Lattice Boom Truck Cranes (LBT)

300 tons and above
1000 Hours

300 tons and above
1000 Hours

 

Under 300 tons
500 Hours

Under 300 tons
500 Hours

(c) Large Telescopic Boom Cranes (Swing Cab) (TLL)

Over 130 tons
750 Hours

Over 130 tons
750 Hours

 

Over 40 tons to 130 tons
250 Hours

Over 40 tons to 130 tons
250 Hours

 

40 tons and under
40 Hours

40 tons and under
40 Hours

(d) Small Telescopic Boom Cranes (Fixed Cab) (TSS)

15 tons and above
40 Hours

15 tons and above
40 Hours

 

Over 5 tons to 15 tons
20 Hours

Over 5 tons to 15 tons
20 Hours

 

5 tons and under
8 hours

5 tons and under
16 hours

(2) Articulating Boom Cranes

20 Hours

20 Hours

(3) Tower Cranes

(a) Hammerhead

500 Hours

500 Hours

(b) Luffer

500 Hours

500 Hours

(c) Self-Erecting

50 Hours

50 Hours

(4) Overhead Cranes

(a) Cab Operated

40 Hours

40 Hours

(b) Pendant/Remote

40 Hours

40 Hours

(5) Derricks

20 Hours

500 Hours

 

Hours of actual crane operating experience . For all cranes: Time while the operator is at the controls of the crane; and/or has direct control of that crane; and/or a combination of operating hours within the same crane type. For mobile cranes: It also includes time while installing/removing boom sections, luffing boom, jib, extending and retracting outriggers/stabilizers, levelling crane, and replacing hoisting rope. For tower cranes: It includes time while jumping (increasing the height of the tower/mast).

Note:
Additional actual crane operator experience may account for crane related experience.

Hours of crane related experience
: Time as a signalman/bellman, oiler, crane mechanic, crane inspector, formal classroom training, crane simulator operation, and a combination of operating hours on other categories of cranes.

Crane Operator Qualification Affidavit of State of Washington